Seems our oceanographers have a dilemma – North Atlantic ocean currents, or gyres as they known, seem to disappear at the end of their journey from the tropics to their northern latitude desitnations. These currents occur at the surface, originating from, say Florida, travel northwards towards England and Greenland, the famous Gulf Stream, and are then supposed to plunge downwards to the bottom. The explanation involves ‘thermohaline’ circulation and involves the warm waters at the equatorial regions being moved northwards by the Coriolis Force, where the currents reach the northern latitudes to lose their heat and presumably become more dense to sink and continue the circulation.
Except no one has to this day observed the downward currents. The cooler downward currents seem to all intents and purposes, have disappeared.
The first problem with the theory is the Coriolis Force or effect. Two independent objects, one in a rotating frame of reference, the other in some other frame of reference, here linear, for simplicity, produce the Coriolis effect. The crucial fact is that the effect is observed between two independent objects like the Earth and a meteor, or the Earth and a space shuttle or airplane.
Blue areas shows slower, yellow and red areas faster currents.
But no Coriolis effect is observed between the Earth and its atmosphere, or the Earth and its oceans, for these two apparent objects are actually the one and same object, the Earth; the oceans are not independent of the Earth, neither the atmosphere. Hence they cannot be described as independent objects and hence capable of producing a Coriolis effect.
So the atmospheric and ocean currents are not due to any Coriolis effect, or force as currently believed, (punned on purpose).
Is there another explanation? Yes and it involves Gerry Pollack’s Exclusion Zone Water, its electrical properties and plasma physics.
In the tropics heat (infra-red radiation) forms a +/-500m thick exclusion zone on top of the ocean. The water in this zone is proton poor, has a high pH, and is electrically negatively charged. Underneath it lies a thinner zone of proton rich water with lower pH due to the excess protons ejected from the overlying EZ layer. At the same time we also have a dynamic geomagnetic field, and free electric charges would thus tend to move along this magnetic field. Moving free electric charges, (whether its the -ve EZ water or the +ve boundary layer underneath the EZ, remains unknown, but one suspects its the EZ water that might be moving), in a liquid environment would tend to develop Birkeland currents, and hence tubes or gyres of flowing liquid water at the ocean surface. Given the nature of viscous flow, these oceanic Birkeland currents or gyres would develop into turbulent flow locally. Call it the behaviour of electric charged matter in the solid/plasma transition zone.
On reaching their destination in the sub-arctic latitudes, hence lowered temperature, decrease in electric charge to neutral water (bulk water) or a limit imposed by the geomagnetic field, and the currents appear to simply stop.
The point I want to make in this short post is that the Gulf Stream isn’t the result of warm water currents per se, but due to the flow of electrically charged water powered by an electromagnetic input, and when that EM input decreases, so too the flowing water. That’s why there are no downward plunging currents of water at the end of the Gulf Stream. The water is not being propelled by the fictitious Coriolis effect, or thermohaline effect but electromagnetically. The currents are thus an effect of the geomagnetic field and electrically charged liquids, here electrically conductive ocean water. (One suspects a similar explanation might be applied to the Pacific Ocean and the El Nino etc currents).
But those currents have nothing whatsoever to do with the Coriolis effect. Equally there is no such thing as a Coriolis force either.