Here’s something interesting.
Christopher Columbus thought that India was easily travelled to by sailing westwards from Europe based on distance estimates that were subsequently found to be seriously in error, or way too short.
So why did Columbus believe India could be easily reached westwards?
Earth Expansion theory might offer one possibility but this scenario is somewhat controversial, to say the least, but some interesting clues were found in a recent Armstrong Economics blog where Armstrong writes:
I have stated before that after Rome fell, the financial capitol of the world moved to Constantinople in Turkey. After the Byzantine Empire fell, that financial capitol moved to India. It was because of the importance of India that Columbus set sail on a mission to India based upon a wrong calculation of the size of the earth. Columbus relied upon the calculations of the earth from Ptolemy. Ptolemy influenced Strabo who in turn reduced the 250,000 Stadia of Eratosthenes to 180,000, and then stated that half of that distance came to just 70,000 stadia, making India reachable by sailing West. So India has played a very important role for Europe bumped into the Americas by trying to sail to India.
So why did Strabo think that the distance to India was shorter than what Eratosthenes calculated the Earth”s dimensions to be?
If we consider Gavin Menzies’ theory that the Ming Dynasty Chinese visited Italy during the middle of the 15th Century, (see his books 1421 etc), and also include Gunnar Heinsohn’s revision of the Middle Ages, ~ 1st millennium, then I might be tempted to think that the Earth underwent an expansion event before the times of Eratosthenes, who calculated the newly expanded Earth’s size correctly, but which Strabo disagreed with and relied on earlier estimates of the Earth’s size, which then influenced Columbus’ ideas of reaching India westwards from Europe.
Using the principle of applied epistemology as defined by M.J. Harper, (The History of Britain Revealed, 2006), that what is now was what was unless contradicted by fact, then the following scenario seems interesting:
- Massive extinction and earth expansion event prior to Eratosthenes time, Pleistocene event, Heinsohn timing ~ 1200 BCE
- Bronze and Iron Ages follow until Alexander invades Egypt.
- 235 CE event terminates Western Roman empire, Earth realigned on axis causing temperate latitudes to move closer to polar latitudes, whitening Greenland, for example
- Ming Chinese resurveying world to establish new astronomical measurements since things seem to have changed,
- Little Ice Age occurs, similar to Roman termination event, but affecting China, and allowing Europeans who now have survived the previous Roman event, to then gain global ascendancy, and Columbus sailing westwards not realising that the Earth became larger, and hence underestimating his voyage time.
Given that politicians over the ages have never changed, the likelihood of history being written by the winners, and by the elites in charge, meaning either history has been fabricated (from ignorance) or falsified (from malice) needs to be considered.
Belief is a most powerful force in human experience and often trumps empirical fact.