One of the main objections to the Carey model of earth expansion was Carey’s invocation of the creation of mass inside the Earth’s core to fuel interpreted earth expansion.
Creation of matter from nothing is not scientific, but earth expansion theory still depends on this mechanism. The latest interpretation can be found in James Maxlow’s model in which “magnetically-charged” protons and other ions constantly enter the Earth”
Near Earth satellite observations, carried out since the start of the space-age, now show that plasma from the Sun, in the form of magnetically charged electrons, protons and other ions, constantly enters the Earth. This input of magnetically charged particles may then be playing a major unrecognised role in the elusive search for a viable mechanism accounting for matter increase within the Earth, resulting in an increase in Earth mass and hence radius over time.
The proposed causal mechanism for increasing Earth mass and radius on an Expansion Tectonic Earth involves an on-going input of magnetically charged electron and proton particulate matter originating from the Sun. These ionised particles enter the Earth and recombine as new matter most likely within the 200 to 300 kilometre thick D” region, located at the base of the mantle directly above the core-mantle boundary. This particulate matter generation process then represents the basis for formation of all new and existing elements and mineral species present on Earth. Source.
Plasma actually does not contain magnetically charged particles but consists of matter in the ionised state. However the idea of a particle being “magnetically charged” is problematical. A particle being electrically charged is no big deal, it’s what electrically engineering is about. But magnetically charged?
Perhaps confusion occurs with magnetically field aligned electric currents, but then those are known as Birkeland currents, and also no big deal for plasma physics. Except Birkeland currents terminate in the ionosphere and not the Earth’s surface. That said, electric charge then passes through the Earth’s atmosphere, in both directions, via lightning and the slower electron creep from the surface into the ionosphere, and coupled with the diurnal emission of protons from the oceans, (Pollack EZ water mechanism), causes the motion of the Atmosphere, and hence weather. Lightning strikes onto the solid earth may allow ingress of solar protons but these plasma discharges don’t seem to penetrate into the earth too far. Rather it seems electric charge acquisition is constrained to the Earth’s surface and those areas that exist in the ionised state such as the oceans forming extensive zones of EZ water, or water in an ionised state.
Perhaps there is a reason most geologists steer clear of geophysics and hence become confused when encountering new phenomena; My experience suggests most working geophysicists don’t understand plasma physics either.
There is then the problem of explaining how ionised matter is able to penetrate the earth’s crust, pass through upper mantle to accumulate in the D-Region at the mantle’s base to form new matter. Ionised matter, in the form of magma, regularly escapes from the Earth via volcanos, but the underlying mechanism remains obscure. There does not seem to exist a reverse mechanism of allowing electric charge entering into the Earth, or reverse volcanism, as it were. A sheet of paper is enough to stop a low energy electrons, and a couple of meters of lead a high energy electron or Beta particles. Protons face similar problems passing through matter in the non-ionised state but at higher energy levels.
The problem with earth expansion theory is coming up with a viable physical mechanism. Part and parcel of the problem is dealing with gravity but the instant we deal with ionised matter, gravity becomes irrelevant. Even Einstein seemed not to understand this, given that he tried to combine both gravity and electromagnetic forces in his unified field equations. An impossibility given the difference in magnitude between the electromagnetic and gravity forces.